Acute colitis is a group of relatively rare and underdeveloped acute colorectal diseases of different causes. The cause of this disease usually cannot be determined. The cause may from mistakes in preparing meals, especially giving them leftover food from the kitchen, eating toxic and foreign materials, food allergies, or parasites. If this disease is not treated, chronic colitis develops.
Acute colitis is characterized by the sudden appearance of profuse diarrhea with the occasional presence of mucus and blood in the feces.
Diagnosis is based on a clinical examination. In some cases, it is confirmed by a fecal examination to determine the possible presence of the parasites. Endoscopy and biopsy are also used in diagnostics. The symptoms can vary widely and depend on how severely the disease has progressed. The animals could be dehydrated, which is the result of a loss of fluid by vomiting or diarrhea, may have high body temperature and an abdomen which is painful to touch. Rectal examination may discover bones, plastic, sand, or aluminum foil in dogs that have eaten foreign objects. The laboratory results may be non-specific. A biopsy can detect changes typical in acute colitis. The veterinarian may also require an ultrasound of the abdomen or an X-ray.
The therapy is determined by the symptoms, involves the administration of liquids and electrolytes in cases of dehydration, the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, drugs that lower the temperature, or anti-diarrheal and anti-parasitic drugs. After the occurrence of the disease, it is advisable not to give food to the animals for at least for 24 hours. Let them have water as desired. On the second or third day gradually begin with a special diet. The prognosis is good and two to three days from the start of the therapy, diarrhea usually stops.
Give medication on the recommendation of a veterinarian. If you notice any change in the condition of your pet, please inform your vet.